There are more and more articles dealing with the reconstruction hardships in Gaza. It applies to the number of explanations as well. Which factors hinder the progress? Israel, the PNA, the lack of unity between Hamas, PLO/Fateh, donor fatigue, the Winter, corruption… to cite only a few:
Foreign governments (that last October contributed $5.4 billion to a fund for the Palestinians, including Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Qatar and others in Europe) have indicated that they cannot fully follow through on their commitments until the unity government is in charge as a single authority. The Egyptian foreign minister, Sameh Shoukri, points partly to the lack of progress in the indirect negotiations – the aim of which is a permanent ceasefire – between Hamas and Israel. In addition, the “lack of trust” between [Palestinian, Israeli] authorities involved can been explained by the fact that it was agreed that the Palestinian Authority would receive the money after it would resume responsibility in Gaza. ‘Lack of trust’ between authorities halts Gaza reconstruction donations, Al-Tahrir News Network, 29 December, 2014.
‘Escalating tension between Islamist group Hamas and its Western-backed rival Fatah has pushed their “unity” government to the brink of collapse, harming efforts to rebuild the Gaza Strip and complicating Palestinian statehood ambitions. (…) The [Hamas-led] government’s inability to fully carry out its work has stalled rebuilding in Gaza, (…) while the PNA/Fateh says his technocrat government cannot begin to administer Gaza until Hamas fully relinquishes control. (…) Hamas accuses Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, who leads Fatah and controls the PA budget, of trying to throttle the group into submission, including by refusing to pay its 50,000 public-sector employees. (…)’. Nidal al-Mughrabi, Palestinian unity frays, hurting Gaza’s rebuilding and statehood aims, Reuters, 14 January, 2015.
All this means that not only the money targeting the Palestinian Authority have not been disbursed , but even the “UN [UNRWA] programme (to rebuild Gaza and give aid and shelter to more than 100,000 Gazans made homeless by the 50-day summer war) will be suspended at the end of January because world donors have reneged on promises to pay. Sara Helm, UN Gaza Rebuilding to Halt at End of January Due to Lack of Funds, Newsweek, 22 January, 2015.
The ultimate goal of the donor conference in last October was to strengthen the basis of the ceasefire and improving political solution prospects for the conflict by means of (i) strengthening the Palestinian government’s ability to assume its responsibility in the rehabilitation of Gaza Strip; (ii) enhancing the existing UN mechanism for import and export of goods and materials to and from Gaza; (iii) providing the financial support required for reconstructing Gaza Strip. Almost 90 countries and international organizations participated in the conference and agreed on the listed goals and means.
There is no reason to assume that the participants were unfamiliar with the Palestinian political reality and the power struggles between the Palestinian forces. They probably understood quite well what Ghazi Hamad meant my his article titled, ‘Now I understand how and why the Palestinians lost Palestine‘ (well before the piece was published).
What did Nietzsche write in a somewhat different context and age? The [modern] state is an ‘organized immorality’ partly due to the “dismemberment of responsibility”. What would he have said about the international conferences?