Focusing only on the Mashreq region (Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine and EgyptI) the most positive and most balanced EU image has been measured in Palestine and in Israel.
As shown by the Graph above the EU has conjured up positive (very positive and farily positive) view to 47% and 59% of the Palestinians in various years since their perceptions was first measured in July-August 2012. The ‘positive’ EU image is even more stable in Israel, where around one third of the population likes it regardless to the date of the survey. The ‘positive image’ has been the weakest in Egypt and has changed the most drastically in Jordan since Summer 2012.
Taking a closer look at the ‘negative’ (very negative and fairly negative) image, around one fifth of the Israelis has a firm, negative opinion about the EU, whereas a sharp increase can be observed in Egypt and Jordan between July 2012 (4-5%) and Autumn 2013 (25%). The EU image improved a lot in all countries in 2014 – even in Jordan – if it is measured by a decreasing trend in the rate of ‘negative’ replies. It would be tempting to focus on the date of survey (June 2014; Jordan, Egypt) instead of the trends, but there was no particular event taking place in these countries, which could explain the change. It must be noted, however, that the rate of the ‘neutral’ (Jordan: 52%; +30% point if compared to Autumn 2013) or the ‘do not know’ replies (Egypt: 66%; 17% point if compared to Autumn 2013) were much higher than they were in 2013.
Data source: NB (2012a, 2012b): EU Neighborhood Barometer. South, Wave 1-2, Spring and Autumn 2012 (Brussels: TNS Opinion); NB (2013a, 2013b): EU Neighborhood Barometer. South, Wave 3-4, Spring and Autumn 2013 (Brussels: TNS Opinion); NB (2014): Barometre du voisinage de L’UE. Sud de la Méditerranée. Printemps 2014. South, Wave 5, Spring 2014 (Brussels TNS Opinion).